The history of field hockey is a journey through time, filled with fascinating twists and turns. This sport, often associated with grace and precision, has roots that extend deep into the past. While it’s challenging to pinpoint an exact date or location of its origin, field hockey can be traced back to ancient civilizations.
One of the earliest mentions of a game resembling field hockey can be found in ancient Egypt, where drawings on tombs dating back over 4,000 years depict players with curved sticks and a ball. Similarly, in ancient Greece, a game known as “Episkyros” involved using sticks and a ball. These early forms of the sport were likely the predecessors of modern field hockey.
The modernization of field hockey began in the 19th century when British soldiers stationed in India adapted the sport to suit their needs. This led to the development of field hockey as we recognize it today, with standardized rules and a greater emphasis on skill and strategy.
Field hockey quickly spread to other parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, and the Americas. The sport gained recognition and popularity, eventually becoming an Olympic event in 1908 for men and 1980 for women.
Over the years, field hockey has continued to evolve, with improvements in equipment, playing surfaces, and strategies. It has become a global phenomenon, with nations like the Netherlands, Australia, and India dominating the international stage.
Today, field hockey is not only a competitive sport but also a source of passion and pride for countless athletes and fans worldwide. Its rich history serves as a testament to the enduring appeal of a game that combines skill, teamwork, and the joy of competition.
Skills in hockey:
Quick footwork, passing, moving into space, good aim, and correct stance are all skills children need to play a competitive game of hockey. Read on to learn some fun hockey drills you can use to practice these skills…
Ask the children to run through a series of cones or markers you have placed approximately one metre apart, and in a zigzag formation. The children should practice running through the markers as quickly as possible. You could make this more difficult by asking them to try sidestepping from left to right.
A fun activity to help children practice their aim is to get them to attempt to knock down a set of Skittles with a ball. If you don’t have any Skittles, you could always use bottles or cups. Children should be approximately five metres away from the Skittles, and count how many rolls it takes to knock them all down. You could make it more challenging by moving them further away from the Skittles.
Moving into space
Play ‘Piggy in the Middle to practice this skill. You will need groups of three children – two will pass the ball to each other and one will attempt to intercept the ball. You can use a regular ball and throw it, or, when the children are confident, you can use the hockey ball and pass it with sticks.
Basic rules of playing field hockey:
- Players can only hit the ball with the flat side of their stick.
- Hockey players (other than the goalkeeper) are not allowed to use their feet, or any other parts of the body, to control the ball at any time.
- You can only score a goal from inside the ‘striking circle’ in front of the opponent’s goal. If the hockey ball is hit from outside the circle and goes into the goal, it doesn’t count.
- Hockey is a non-contact sport. This means that players are not allowed to push, trip, or physically touch an opponent. If this happens, the opposing team may be given a free hit or a ‘penalty corner’.
Benefits of field hockey:
Improved Breathing by Field hockey:
“Improved breathing” refers to the enhancement of one’s respiratory function, often through various techniques and practices aimed at increasing lung capacity and overall respiratory efficiency. This improvement can have numerous benefits for an individual’s overall health and well-being. Techniques such as deep breathing exercises, aerobic fitness training, and mindfulness practices can contribute to better breathing and lead to a range of positive outcomes, including increased energy, reduced stress, improved physical performance, and enhanced overall lung health.
Better Coordination and Balance:
“Better coordination and balance” refers to the improvement in an individual’s ability to control their body’s movements and maintain stability. Achieving better coordination and balance can be beneficial for various aspects of life, and everyday activities.
Coordination involves the synchronization of different muscle groups and body parts to perform tasks smoothly and efficiently. Improved coordination can lead to more precise and controlled movements, which can be especially important in sports, dance, and activities that require fine motor skills.
Great Cardio! of Field hockey:
Great cardio!” is a phrase used to express the positive effects of cardiovascular exercise on an individual’s fitness and health. Cardio, short for cardiovascular, refers to activities that increase your heart rate and breathing. Engaging in regular cardio exercises has numerous benefits for overall health and fitness.
Cardiovascular workouts help improve the efficiency of your heart and lungs, leading to better cardiovascular health. They also assist in burning calories, which can aid in weight management and fat loss. Additionally, cardio exercises boost endurance, increase energy levels, and reduce the risk of various health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
DISADVANTAGES of Field hockey:
- Can be hard to learn at the beginning.
- Injuries are quite common.
- You can’t play ice hockey alone.
- Hockey is a quite physical sport.
- Potential trouble with teammates.
- You need plenty of equipment.
- Time-consuming sport.
- Motivation issues